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From Wikipedia:

I never had such a blackguard rating in all my life – I who have had more than any woman – than from this Barry sitting on his horse, while I was crossing the Hospital Square with only my cap on in the sun. He kept me standing in the midst of quite a crowd of soldiers, Commissariat, servants, camp followers, etc., etc., every one of whom behaved like a gentleman during the scolding I received while he behaved like a brute.... After he was dead, I was told that (he) was a woman.... I should say that (she) was the most hardened creature I ever met."

– Florence Nightingale in reference to “James Barry,” an army surgeon from the Victorian era who turned out to be a woman in disguise.

Now what would a “blackguard rating” be? in the context of that time and place? What a peculiar and interesting phrase!

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From context, it sounds like it might mean “reprimand.” FYI, I found a more complete version of Nightingale's letter here: europepmc.org/articles/PMC1923606/pdf/canmedaj01244-0047a.pdf –  Bradd Szonye May 20 '13 at 5:09

2 Answers 2

Blackguard rating is not an official term; rather, Nightingale is describing her encounter with Barry as the most scurrilous scolding she had received in her life.

Etymonline has blackguard, a somewhat dated term, originating

1530s, scullion, kitchen knave. Perhaps once an actual military or guard unit; more likely originally a mock-military reference to scullions and kitchen-knaves of noble households, of black-liveried personal guards, and of shoeblacks. By 1736, sense had emerged of "one of the criminal class." Hence the adjectival use (1784), "of low or worthless character."

Rating here is used in a largely obsolete sense, meaning a reprimand; it should not be confused with the more-common modern sense of measurement or evaluation. To rate was

"to scold," late 14c., probably from Old French reter "to impute blame,

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Good answer, +1 for “scurrilous scolding” and pointing out the mock-military overtones of blackguard. –  Bradd Szonye May 20 '13 at 5:34

A rating is a “sharp scolding or rebuke.” A blackguard /ˈblæɡɚd/ is a scoundrel, especially one who uses foul language. (There's even a verb form of blackguard meaning “to ridicule or denounce with abusive language.”) A blackguard rating is therefore an extremely abusive and probably foul-mouthed scolding.

Nightingale is saying that she has suffered many scoldings in her life, “more than any woman,” but none of them were as base and abusive as the one James Barry gave her on that occasion.

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Blackguard isn't exactly common usage these days, but I think Etymonline makes it seem more archaic than it is. Your answer is good. –  Ellie Kesselman May 20 '13 at 9:41

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