What are some clear-cut distinctions between objectivity, objectivism, and objectiveness?
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When referring to being objective in terms of independence or impartiality, one will almost always use objectivity as the noun, with subjectivity as its antonym. Objectiveness is a far less frequently used synonym, and one which not every dictionary recognizes.
You will encounter objectiveness somewhat more often in philosophical literature, where the term objective is in reference to the concept of an object in philosophy.
On the other hand, Objectivism is quite different entirely. It is used exclusively as a proper noun, the name for a philosophical system envisioned by the Russian-American novelist Ayn Rand. The claim to being an "objective" system derives from its atheist, empiricist, and rationalist tenets.