The term dimensioned quantity or dimensioned number denotes numbers with units attached (1,2,3). (Note: link 3 may popup an ad.)
Link 1 (a wikipedia article) uses the circumlocution non-dimensionless quantity rather than the more-direct term dimensioned quantity, because the article primarily discusses dimensionless quantities rather than dimensioned ones.
Link 2 (a trinidadstate.edu webpage) says “Dimensioned numbers follow a few simple rules” and then explains several conversion, addition, and multiplication rules for dimensioned numbers.
Link 3 (apparently an online course reading) says:
A “dimensioned quantity” is a number with attached units. For example, your age is a dimensioned quantity — 29 years, say. [...] Whenever we perform arithmetic with dimensioned quantities, the units must be consistent and make sense. You can use this fact to figure out what gets multiplied by what. But to do that, you have to understand the rules of arithmetic with dimensioned quantities.
Dimensioned quantities always have two parts: the numeric part, and the unit part. The “unit” is the dimension — years or seconds in the examples above. Dimensioned quantities obey the rules of arithmetic, with a couple of modifications: [...]