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  • My research is focused to find life in other planets.

  • My research is aimed to find life in other planets.

  • My research is oriented to find life in other planets.

In formal writing, which one is better and why? Also is it better to or on?

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None of these examples strike me as valid. All choices of verb are acceptable, and I see no reason to favour one over another. But they should be, for example, is focussed on finding, aims at finding, is oriented towards finding. – FumbleFingers Apr 12 '13 at 18:36
And it should be on other planets; we already know next to nothing about life in the Earth. Almost all the life we know about is on the Earth. And clearly any life we discover on exoplanets is going to be on their surface. – John Lawler Apr 12 '13 at 19:24

The three options all sound slightly like business "buzzwords" out of place.

Perhaps this is more simple and therefore better: "The purpose of my research is to find life on other planets".

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FumbleFingers is definitely giving you the right advice: use gerunds.

Avoid "focussed", it is an overused buzzword with so little of its original meaning left to it. You focus light and energy, not research.

But above all, David Aldridge "hits your nail on the head". If that's what you are trying to say, he's saying it perfectly.

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