Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I’m working on an 18th-century manuscript, and I’m trying to explain to others the use of ’d in past tense verbs.

Is there a word that encompasses the usage of ’d in early 18th-century manuscripts? I’m thinking of words like play’d instead of played, or revolv’d instead of revolved.

share|improve this question
4  
You want a word that means somebody used an apostrophe to represent missing letters not pronounced in speech? What, like a contraction then? –  tchrist Apr 11 '13 at 13:26
1  
FUN TRIVIA: Shakespeare often used –’d because in his time –ed was pronounced as an extra syllable unless clipped by an apostrophe: wrong’d would be one syllable, while wronged would be two. Now that we no longer pronounce most –ed endings, the apostrophe isn’t necessary. For some reason convention stuck with the apostrophe replacement in possessive endings ( -es ) but not past tense ( -ed ). realgrammar.wordpress.com/apostrophes –  Kris Apr 11 '13 at 13:47
1  
When you write played it could be pronounced with either two syllables or with one. (Nowadays almost always with one, but perhaps not so clear in the past.) In poetry, or other writing to be read aloud, the writer may want to specify the one syllable pronunciation by writing play'd. Or the two-syllable pronunciation by writing playèd. –  GEdgar Apr 11 '13 at 13:48
2  
Google can find strange things. Excalibur, An Arthurian Drama (by R. A. Cram, 1893) page 137: "I thought ye playèd pander to the king." –  GEdgar Apr 11 '13 at 16:54
1  
Hesperides (1648, Robert Herrick) "As if they playèd at bo-peep," –  GEdgar Apr 11 '13 at 17:01

2 Answers 2

You may be looking for elision, defined as:

omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase, producing a result that is easier for the speaker to pronounce | source: Wikipedia

It's possible to make a case for other forms of reduction - such as a contraction - but in your question you state that historical context is key. Given that -ed suffixes were once pronounced as a separate syllable, I would almost certainly think that elision is appropriate to describe the usage of 'd to indicate the "omission of one or more sounds".

share|improve this answer
    
Wonder what elision has to do with the apostrophe. –  Kris Dec 19 at 11:43

The 'past tense apostrophe' in contrast to the 'possessive apostrophe'. … there might be as many as half a dozen cases where Adair's used a past tense apostrophe (e.g. "vanish'd") (Toon)

I can’t wait until she’s all deck’d out in her poodle skirt to go to the 50's party.

(from a comment on realgrammar)

As when that statue first with classic grace The clement Caesar's palace deck’d, …
(Fables in song)

As to its being out of fashion today, see the FUN TRIVIA comment of mine above.
And of course,

Punk’d, punk’d

among the exceptions that brought ’d back into fashion.
subpoena'd (subpoenaed), ski'd (skied), echo'd (echoed). -Curtis

share|improve this answer
1  
Examples don't actually answer the question "Is there a word that encompasses the usage of 'd?" though, surely? –  Andrew Leach Apr 11 '13 at 14:14
    
I haven't voted at all. –  Andrew Leach Apr 11 '13 at 14:29
1  
But you did the damage already - lol. So I suppose you know what such a comment does. Anyways. –  Kris Apr 12 '13 at 6:40
    
A very interesting aside here: motivatedgrammar.wordpress.com/2011/07/08/… –  Kris Dec 19 at 11:53

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.