ODO defines providence as:
providence: [mass noun] 1 the protective care of God or of nature as a spiritual power: they found their trust in divine providence to be a source of comfort
(Providence) God or nature as providing protective care: I live out my life as Providence decrees
So is there any substantial difference in meaning if I were to replace "divine providence" with "Providence". For instance, in the following context:
Eugene acquired the chimpanzee, believing the chain of events experienced by him to be divine providence. They did not make sense otherwise. The chimpanzee was God’s emissary sent to him for a certain purpose. If he ignored the chimpanzee, it would be like ignoring Providence: impossible for a mere human to do.