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In computer networking, assume that I'm waiting for packets which are ordered by sequence number. First I get sequence number 1, and then 2, then 3 …

Assume that I now have 99 packets and I'm waiting for the packet with sequence number 100. If I get a packet with sequence number 50, since I have received it already, I say this packet is an obsolete packet or lagging packet. But if I get a packet with sequence number 200, how do I describe it? An advanced packet?

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They are simply called "out of order packets". If you get a packet that has already been received, it's a "redundant packet". See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_packet for more information. A nework that cannot guarantee services is called "unreliable". Transport layer protocols correct for this. –  Canis Lupus Apr 6 '13 at 1:37
    
Why the down vote? Any difficulty in understanding it? –  Kris Apr 6 '13 at 12:22
    
By the way, it would if at all, be an advance packet, without the d. –  Kris Apr 6 '13 at 12:27
    
I'm not at all versed in computer networking, but my inclination would be to call it a "premature" or "early" packet. –  onomatomaniak Apr 6 '13 at 17:37
    
@Jim I agree with redundant packet as being the normal way of calling such packets for us. But that's a combined term which accounts for both the scenarios: when an already received packet comes back again, or even when a packet comes in way ahead of its sequence. I guess, the OP is trying to get a specific word. <br> But yes, for me, while talking in the engineering field, I would go ahead and just call them redundant packets. –  camelbrush Apr 11 '13 at 14:35

2 Answers 2

I think that a premature packet would probably be the best way to describe this.

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Oh boy! this reminds me of school again. Anyways, for the packets that are yet to arrive or the packets that are to come we can call them a number of things like: (some have examples depicting its usage)

  1. successive packets: usage example.
  2. leading packets: usage example.
  3. Subsequent packets: Do a ctrl+f for subsequent and you'll find its usage example.
    Here is another example.

I used to just call them all (leading or trailing) as out of sync bits. I had one more commonly used word on the tip of my tongue. Will come back and post it here, if I remember it.

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