Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am currently working through allowable part of speech combinations for the first two words of an English sentence. It seems troubling to me to allow the first two words of a sentence to both be nouns, but that may well be valid. One such circumstance is with compound nouns where it is rendered as two separate words (I am neglecting hyphenated and one-word versions here).

If I were to have the following sentence:

Tea time is at 3:00 every afternoon.

I would naturally think of time as a noun of course, but I might describe tea as an adjective in this case.

So which combinations of parts of speech can a compound noun take and how would one distinguish which is the correct labeling for the compound noun?

share|improve this question
1  
I'm afraid that no information can be gained from a listing of the allowable POS combinations for "the first two words of an English sentence." The first two words can be just about anything, given the way English syntax changes word order. If you were looking at Constituents instead of just two words, you might get somewhere. But the first two words have nothing useful to offer. Sorry. –  John Lawler Apr 4 '13 at 14:45
    
I am more tolerant of the analysis and classification of individual words in structures than John Lawler is, but admit that it does get very messy when say the compound noun particle board is classified quite differently from its hyphenated and closed variants particle-board and particleboard (all in use). Teatime is usually solid, but I'd class tea bag as a compound noun also. Both are formed from a noun + noun combination of free morphemes. I wouldn't class store manager as a compound noun, but would class store here as as a 'noun modifier'. –  Edwin Ashworth Apr 4 '13 at 18:27
    
Check the structure and range of English compounds at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_compound and noun modifiers at learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/adjectives/… etc. Also, on lexical items rather than words as being the true 'building blocks of English' at wordnik.com/words/lexical%20item –  Edwin Ashworth Apr 4 '13 at 18:29
    
Not compound nouns, but lists can start sentences with 2 or more nouns - "Ham, cheese and tomato are good ingredients for a sandwich." –  Mynamite Apr 4 '13 at 22:36
1  
@demongolem I would not consider sensible any analysis that did not treat the 'Bacon and eggs' in Bacon and eggs are expensive in Elbonia (or Eggs and bacon are expensive in Elbonia) as three tokens, but in Bacon and eggs is my favourite breakfast as unitary. –  Edwin Ashworth Apr 5 '13 at 22:55

1 Answer 1

English can use attributive noun phrases in place of many expressions with "of." For example, "her box of poems" can become "her poem box". Linguists don't like to model this by saying that poem has become an adjective because of the way they interact with real adjectives. E.g. "Her Elizabethan poetry box." Even without the hyphen, most readers just can't accept that Elizabethan modifies box. So "Poem boxes lined her shelves" would indeed begin with two nouns, if you follow that model.

share|improve this answer
    
That’s exactly right. This is a noun–noun combination. Just becomes adjectives modify nouns does not mean that all words that modify nouns are necessarily adjectives. They aren’t. –  tchrist Aug 30 '13 at 22:22

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.