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What is the difference between the terms journal and magazine? Is it correct to call a magazine a journal?

For example, I found the Journal of Radio Electronics and the Radio-Electronics Magazine, and I was confused.

If both terms are correct, why does English need both?

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THe title of this question seems to be in a different direction thatn the content. Can you fix one or the other so we know what to answer for you? Do you want to know if a journal is of higher quality than magazine, or do you want to know correctness of usage? – Mitch Mar 23 '13 at 17:10
@Mitch, I want to know correctness of usage and differences in meaning, because a translation doesn't provide this details. – Warlock Mar 23 '13 at 19:07
up vote 6 down vote accepted

In science, “journal” is specifically used for peer-reviewed periodicals, whereas a “magazine” can be anything.

That doesn’t mean it always works out that way, but it is the expectation.

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What about 'Ladies Home Journal'?... Oh, you said that, there are exceptions. – Mitch Mar 23 '13 at 20:57
@Mitch I was unaware that that publication was held to be in the “science” domain. – tchrist Mar 23 '13 at 20:58
It was not clear from the beginning that the question was limited to science. – Mitch Mar 23 '13 at 22:12

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