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I know that dramatic irony is when the audience knows things the characters don't, but what do you call it when the characters in a story know information that the audience does not?

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Suspense? Mystery? –  coleopterist Mar 23 '13 at 6:30
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Isn't that bound to be the case on a first viewing? (I assume we read 'relevant information' here, or it's certainly the case.) –  Edwin Ashworth Mar 23 '13 at 8:53
    
How would one describe a movie like Memento? There may not be standard dramatic terms for every possible variant. –  John Lawler Mar 23 '13 at 13:54
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closed as not a real question by tchrist, RegDwigнt Apr 25 '13 at 14:26

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1 Answer

Antonyms and opposites are hard to pin down (owing to the many nuances a single term can have), but literary omniscience might be close to what you're looking for.

Omniscient and Limited Omniscient Points of View
A narrator who knows everything about all the characters is all knowing, or omniscient.

A narrator whose knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor, has a limited omniscient point of view.

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Limited omniscience. And they say grammar's crazy. –  Edwin Ashworth Mar 23 '13 at 8:51
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