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Why do so many people get this wrong? “How are you? / I'm well.”

How would you answer the question "How are you?"

I'm well.

or

I'm good.

I notice that in American English, the latter is normally used, but I feel that the former is grammatically correct.

Same goes for questions like "How did it go?" Can one answer "It went well," or "It went good."

Which is correct?

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I closed this question because there is a previous (although admittedly more provocative) question covering exactly the same ground as here. –  nohat Jan 31 '11 at 21:00
    
See also english.stackexchange.com/questions/211/… –  nohat Jan 31 '11 at 21:05
    
My apologies. I need to learn to use the search more effectively! –  billynomates Jan 31 '11 at 23:33
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marked as duplicate by nohat Jan 31 '11 at 20:58

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

3 Answers

up vote 4 down vote accepted

One key difference is that "well" can be an adverb and "good" cannot, at least not formally. This is why "it went good" is grammatically incorrect. However good is so often used as a synonym for well in vernacular English that dictionaries may mention its nonstandard equivilance.

To answer your first question, it's usually preferred to say "I am well" in formal English because it specificially means "I am in good health" whereas "I am good" doesn't have that specific association. "I am good" is grammatically correct though.

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That's correct; good is used as adverb only in informal phrases: my mother could never cook this good. –  kiamlaluno Jan 31 '11 at 20:41
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Both are correct. When you give either response, there are words that aren't said that are understood.

eg.

I am (feeling) well.

or

I am (in) good (spirits/health.)

"It went well" is correct, well is an adverb modifying went. "It went good" is incorrect, as good is not an adverb.

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People often say "I'm doing good" which sounds no worse than "I'm good" but doesn't fit well with the explanation of the implied words in the second example. –  Andrew Flanagan Jan 31 '11 at 20:41
    
@Andrew Point taken, but I think "I'm doing good" has the sense of "I'm doing good (things)" –  ghoppe Jan 31 '11 at 21:11
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I usually say "I am well", meaning "I am in good health", with the caveat that most people to whom I say it regard me as being perhaps overly formal. "I'm good", to me, connotes other possible meanings, such as "I'm quite competent", but others' mileage may vary.

I would avoid "it went good" as ungrammatical.

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