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The sentence "The principle is, the farther from the scene of horror, the easier the talk." looks and sounds fine to me, but if I wrote it my internal editor would worry vaguely. To make things less vague here are some questions:

Is "the principle" the subject?

Is "is" the verb?

Are the phrases "the farther[...]" and "the easier[...]" adverb phrases or prepositional phrases or something else?

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Yes, "the principle" is the subject of the verb "is". The complement is the phrase following the first comma.

Here's a question which describes that construct: "the comparative, the comparative" vs. "as-clause"

The statement would be clearer if the principle were to be enclosed in quotes or denoted in some other way, for example by a colon:

The principle is "the farther from the scene of horror, the easier the talk"
The principle is: the farther from the scene of horror, the easier the talk.

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+1 To make the construction more transparent, you could add in the omitted words: "the farther from the scene of horror [it is], the easier the talk [is]". –  Cerberus Mar 8 '13 at 18:18
    
+1 "The Xer, the Yer" is a fixed construction which although not formally a sentence is a complete utterance. –  StoneyB Mar 8 '13 at 18:41
    
What is enclosed in a quote or similar structure does not even need to be grammatical: Their motto is 'By and larger'. However, in parallel constructions such as the OP's, the 'quote equivalent' should be reasonably grammatical. –  Edwin Ashworth Mar 8 '13 at 20:57
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