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Recently I was looking at the X-Men box set and saw that currently five have been released.

I had it in my head that these would be called a quintology but I have seen them being called a pentalogy.

I assume both words are interchangeable, but is one of the terms preferred over the other, or is it a matter of taste?

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It’s just a series, actually. –  tchrist Mar 6 '13 at 18:00
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I've heard 'a trilogy in five parts'...amazon.co.uk/Hitch-Hikers-Guide-Galaxy-Trilogy/dp/0434003484 :) –  Merk Mar 8 '13 at 6:50

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

Pentalogy is the "correct" (as these things go) term. It comes from penta + logy which are both Greek. Quintology, on the other hand, is a mixture of Latin and Greek roots, a practice which is not linguistically kosher. Similarly, it should be tetralogy rather than quadrilogy.

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I don’t know why people want to make up icky long words just to describe an n-part series. As for the miscegenated part of it, well, without that we’d be stuck talking about idemsexuals. Hm, maybe that would be better, now wouldn’t it? :) –  tchrist Mar 6 '13 at 18:17
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"Television? No good will come of it. A bastard word, half Greek, half Latin." (C P Scott, usually quoted with three words omitted). –  TimLymington Mar 6 '13 at 18:59
    
I assume the term pentuple would be used instead of quintuple as well? –  PriestVallon Mar 6 '13 at 23:52
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In the case of quintuple, you have two Latin roots: quintus (five) and plus (fold), although Merriam-Webster's Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary points out that plus is akin to both the Latin word plenum (full) and the Greek word pleion (more). –  Sven Yargs Mar 7 '13 at 0:47
    
@SvenYargs: the Latin for -fold is actually -plex, as in triplex and quintuplex –  TimLymington Mar 7 '13 at 13:25

Pentad and quincunx could also be used. The latter more often describes a pattern with five coplanar points, such as ones found on dominoes or dice.

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