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This is an excerpt from John Lyly 'Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit, does anybody know what does it mean?

Search the wound while it is green; too late cometh the salve when the sore festereth, and the medicine bringeth double care when the malady is past cure.

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Adding insult to injury? You aren't just dying, but you've missed an obvious salvation too. – Edwin Ashworth Feb 28 '13 at 17:51
up vote 23 down vote accepted

While I initially interpreted the phrase with a modern understanding of "care", as in to tend to, I did a check on the etymology of "care" to see if it could have possibly have another meaning and this is what I found on Etymonline.com:

care (n.) Old English caru, cearu "sorrow, anxiety, grief," also "burdens of mind; serious mental attention," from Proto-Germanic *karo (cf. Old Saxon kara "sorrow;" Old High German chara "wail, lament;" Gothic kara "sorrow, trouble, care;" German Karfreitag "Good Friday"), from PIE root *gar- "cry out, call, scream" (cf. Irish gairm "shout, cry, call;" see garrulous).

Based on the interpretation of care to mean anxiety, burdens of mind, I believe the 2nd half of the quote is saying that the medicine, though it "cares" for the wound, also brings worry and concern when applied too late.

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Yes, "medicine brings double sorrow when the malady is past cure" is the only interpretation that makes sense. – Cerberus Feb 28 '13 at 18:33
Thanks kristina, helpful as always. – Benyamin Hamidekhoo Feb 28 '13 at 23:21
Thanks for the interesting question, @Benjamin! :-) – Kristina Lopez Feb 28 '13 at 23:29
I suspect that at the time this "homily" was written, it was commonly known that if you had a disease that couldn't be cured, you'd probably be subjected to all manner of highly unpleasant (but totally useless) "treatments". Medicine was so primitive it was really the equivalent of hitting a faulty TV with a hammer in hopes it might start working again. The final days of a rich man being ineffectively "treated" would probably not exactly be carefree back then; nothing like the way we use morphine and similar drugs in hospices for the dying nowadays. – FumbleFingers Mar 6 '13 at 5:45

"Search the wound while it is green" means probe the wound while it is fresh.

The entire sentence is simply saying that we should always examine the wound while it is still fresh: if we examine it when the sore has already festered, it would be too late. And I think it serves as a metaphor.

My previous attempt to interprete "the medicine bringeth double care when the malady is past cure" was that medicine would bring twice the happiness when disease can be cured by it. But after checking with EtymOnline (should have checked with it earlier), I realized, as suggested by Kristina Lopez, care is indeed a negative word in the past when it is used as a noun, and thus the correct way to interpret the sentence is:

medicine would have brought twice the anxiety or sorrow when the malady is past cure, or, when it can no longer be cured (in a way past cure).

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I agree with your interpretation of that part of the quote, but the OP is asking about the 2nd part of the quote, "medicine bringeth double care when the malady is past cure" – Kristina Lopez Feb 28 '13 at 18:20
@KristinaLopez I think it serves as a conclusion. – nyan nyan nyan Feb 28 '13 at 18:27
That's why I love this site, @yhcra, I think it is saying the opposite! lol! :-) – Kristina Lopez Feb 28 '13 at 18:33
@KristinaLopez wait.. I think so.. Well.... You are corrected:) – nyan nyan nyan Feb 28 '13 at 18:34
Correct*. Gee, that's very careless of me to make such a typo which twisted the entire meaning of the sentence and be unaware of it for more than 7 months. – nyan nyan nyan Oct 10 '13 at 8:40

I believe that medicine bringeth double care is using "care" in the sense of "a cause of worry or concern", so the phrase basically means You have twice as much to worry about: when you thought that the wound was minor, you only worried about how long it will take until you get better. Now that your neglect has caused a serious problem, you have to be concerned about surviving the treatment, living with a permanent affliction, etc.

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My interpretation: When medication is started late in the disease process, it requires greater effort to treat ( hence double care ) when the disease has probably gone past cure (as a result of the delay). Something akin to "A stitch in time saves nine ".

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