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See title. I really have nothing else to add!

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Here "participial" should be "participle", innit? –  Sid Jan 28 '11 at 14:01
    
Oh, yeah, sorry. Apparently "participial" means "of or relating to a participle". TIL. [Edited :)] –  billynomates Jan 28 '11 at 14:03
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3 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

A preposition is a word used before a noun to add a context. (in, at, etc.)

A participle is a form of a verb. It can either be a present participle (dancing), or past. (danced)

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To add to Eldros' answer, here are a couple references:

Preposition

Participle

A participle is usually used as an adjective, which is one of the greatest strength of the English language: the ability to take a verb and turn it into an adjective or a noun as necessary.

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A participle is a word formed from a verb and used as an adjective or a noun.

  • working
  • being
  • burned

A preposition is a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause.

  • of
  • for
  • on
  • after
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