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If I lend an amount of $100 to my friend, I can refer to the amount as receivable. Suppose she returns $100 (or $70) after one week, what should I call this amount? It is the "return amount which is borrowed"?

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The paid amount. The repaid amount. The returned amount. –  David Schwartz Feb 5 '13 at 9:53

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Any money that is paid back to you is a payment or a remittance.

In terms of how the money is applied to the debt, it may be principal if it is against the amount originally borrowed, or it may be interest if it is part of the fee you may have charged your friend for the trouble of loaning the money.

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What if I pay an amount which I borrowed from my friend? What should I call it ? –  Rauf Mar 2 '13 at 8:32
    
@Rauf - Speaking informally, you would be repaying a loan from a friend. This doesn't acknowledge any distinction between principal and interest, usually because there isn't any interest if your friend loaned you the money as a favour. You would call the money given back to your friend a repayment. –  Joel Brown Mar 3 '13 at 14:10

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